Volume 4, Issue 3, May 2019, Page: 91-102
Sustainable Development of Water and Environment: An Effort in Reality
Abdullahel Bari, Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering (NAME), Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Dhaka, Bangladesh
Received: Mar. 27, 2019;       Accepted: May 23, 2019;       Published: Jul. 8, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajtte.20190403.13      View  191      Downloads  32
Abstract
Substantial parts of land mass of Bangladesh is built up gradually over ages by the process of deposition of silts carried by waters of three mighty river systems flowing to the sea. The process itself, i.e. deposition of silt, is likely to fill out the formed canals and rivers one day in the long future if it is not intervened. Ecology, however, livelihood including that of human, and environment have developed depending on waters and the river systems which existed so far. There has not been any human intervention, such as, by dredging but in recent decades Farakka has been erected. In up country, India, waters are being drawn out of flowing feeding rivers resulting in nearly no flow of water in the dry season. Thus Bangladesh may have only dried out rivers. The ecology and environment are thus threatened. Both the government and the people are concerned of the crisis and keen to find a solution for their existence. The present Prime Minister utters a slogan “save the rivers, save the country”. The envisaged solution is dredging and excavating rivers to increase their water holding and water flowing capacity. Two organizations which are entrusted by the government with responsibilities of water management have been given required budget and these organizations have been reasonably discharging their responsibilities. The paper outlines the concept of formation of land mass of Bangladesh, the gradually growing threat and cites undertaken steps and actions in reality towards achieving the solution. Restoration of river systems will improve, among others, environment, ecology, help recharging ground water, agriculture, fisheries, navigation and outflow of up country waters during heavy monsoon and floods. The paper may encourage others for development of waters and environment and attract international community to the efforts being made by Bangladesh.
Keywords
Gigantic and Challenging, Withdrawal from up River System, Manmade Irrigation Canals, Save River Save Country, Entrusted Organizations, Dredging Fleet in Bangladesh, Dried out Rivers
To cite this article
Abdullahel Bari, Sustainable Development of Water and Environment: An Effort in Reality, American Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2019, pp. 91-102. doi: 10.11648/j.ajtte.20190403.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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